Key Components of a Solid Business Plan

by | Oct 11, 2021 | Business Strategy, Small Business | 0 comments

Business plans serve a multitude of purposes. While not everyone develops a business plan before launching their endeavor, just about everyone should. Not to mention, for those trying to attract attention by way of investors, a business plan is almost always going to be a must. So what goes into the ideal business plan? How do you create a document that will get those investors’ attention?

First off, many entrepreneurs don’t necessarily understand that a business plan in many ways is a story—a story about them and their company. When the information is compiled, the facts and details are read together in business plan format. The resulting document should tell them a narrative about your journey and where you’re headed. You will be more successful if you keep this in mind as you create your business plan.

This article looks at a few critical components of business plan writing. So whether you’re looking to develop a plan for investors, lenders, or your reference guide, the “ingredients” listed below are generally must-includes.

Getting Started with Your Business Plan

You may be confronting a blank screen, scratching your head, and getting rather frustrated as you sit down to begin your business plan. You are not alone—many an entrepreneur has been in this position. The key is to take some time to envision the layout of the overall business plan, determine which sections you will include, and then do your homework regarding those critical components of the program.

Not every business plan will look like the next one. In other words, some may contain different information than others. And that this is perfectly fine, as no two businesses are alike. However, there are some essentials that you do want to make sure are a part of the final plan.

1) Executive Summary

This section is standard for just about all business plans. Here is where you provide readers of your project with an overall snapshot of your business and its value. The Executive Summary should be no more than two pages. They should contain such information as a brief description of your company, a summary of objectives, a quick overview of the market, and a picture of the company’s funding needs, among other elements.

The key to an excellent Executive Summary is that, by and large, it needs to define what problem you are solving that currently exists. So, what value is your business bringing to people, and how, consequently, is it delivering this value in such as way as to address specific pain points?

2) Products/Services

This is pretty straightforward as here is where you go into detail regarding the products and services your business intends to sell. This is not a time to hold anything back either. Remember, one of the essential purposes of a business plan is often to convince investors and lenders that your business is worth taking a risk. One of how you do this is to convince them of how necessary your product is.

That said, you do not want to get too technical and incorporate a ton of industry words that are above the average person’s head. Make sure your business plan in this regard is detailed but easily accessible and understandable.

3) Market Report

Yet another crucial component of any business plan is a section detailing relevant market opportunities for your young company. This is going to entail a comprehensive market evaluation. Some of the questions that this section of your business plan might address include: the audience size and scope, the overall demand for your product, the price that you’d expect people to pay, and the prospects you see for the industry as a whole.

The more information you can present regarding your market conditions, the more confident others who read your plan will be in your ability to succeed within that market. One of the keys to this section is going to be customer analysis. In other words, who is your ideal customer? What do they look like, where do they live, what income level they fall in, and their age range. Be comprehensive as you answer these questions.

4) Marketing Initiatives

Once you clearly define your market and your target audience, you also need to talk about how you will reach them and consequently advertise your business to them most effectively. This is a crucial component of any business plan. You want to detail your anticipated marketing/advertising budget and specify how you intend to allocate that budget.

For example, will your marketing strategy be primarily digital? Will you use signage and more traditional marketing materials? And then, of course, how will you measure the efficacy of your marketing efforts?

5) Competitor Analysis

Hand in hand with a marketing strategy overview is a section detailing your competition. You want first to identify your main competitors and then, of course, speak to how you intend to best them when it comes to winning over customers. This is why careful analysis is needed. Look at their weaknesses, their strong points; see how they approach their marketing. All information you can gather regarding the competition is essential.

You might even go so far as to do some “undercover” work and visit their website or location—or have a friend do so. See what you can find out, for instance, about their approach to customer service.

6) Business Operations

This section is where you spell out how your business will run—what are the nuts and bolts for your company’s operations. This, of course, represents the core of your business plan in many ways. So you might include the type of facility and equipment you need; you might also outline your organizational structure. In this section, be sure to examine also the overall scalability of your anticipated operations.

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This list is by no means extensive—business plans can vary quite widely from one company to the next. The key is to get the core components in there and carefully evaluate your needs/expectations as far as each section is concerned. First Union Lending can help; even newer businesses get the cash they need to see their companies thrive and grow. Call today!

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